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Jarmo

typeplace

قه‌ڵای چه‌رموو Qalay Charmuقلعة جرمو Qalat Jarmo (Jarmo Citadel) is located adjacent to an eponymous village.

The site of Jarmo lies above the Cham-Gawra wadi in the Chemchemal Valley, some 10 km east of Chemchemal, within that part of the drainage pattern which flows out of the southeastern end of the valley. It is 800 m above sea level and about 90 x 140m with a depth of deposit of over 7m at its highest point. The catalogue of archaeological material indicates a very early but full-fledged village-farming community. The site contains about a dozen architectural levels of buildings and their renovations, and coarse pottery vessels appeared only in the upper third of the deposit. These have some points comparable with the pottery of the basal levels of the Hassunan phase.

Braidwood and Howe found additional sites in Chemchemal Valley including Turkaka and Kowri Khan as follows,

In September of 1950, camp was established in a mud-brick house near the Jarmo excavations. ... The best type of survey is undoubtedly an intensive one on foot, with every bit of land which is arable and adjacent to a supply of drinking water -- either now or conceivably in the past -- being examined closely. But an intensive survey for surface indications of sites, especially in hilly country where mounds blend into the contours of the hills, is extremely time-consuming. We thus became increasingly dependent on the reports of our workmen, who were Hamavend Kurds from several different villages. As boys, they had all wandered over the countryside with their flocks of sheep and goats. Flint and steel are still utilized for fire-making, and obvious occurrences of flint thus tend to be noticed by shepherds as potential sources of supply. Once the workmen were familiar with the normal yield from Jarmo, they began to recall other places in the valley where they had seen flint, obsidian, broken bits of pottery, and other traces of antiquity. We would then give them bags and send them to collect from the surface at the places they recalled. In this way we acquired a number of surface collections, which could be washed, sorted and classified in the base camp. We ourselves then visited the sites which yielded the most promising collections. Several dozen surface sites were located before Howe's arrival, and at least half a dozen of these looked very promising. Braidwood & Howe 1960, p 20

Studies

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